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Sepoys, Servants and Settlers : convict transportation in the Indian Ocean, 1787-1945

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posted on 2014-03-19, 14:25 authored by Clare Anderson
Banishment and exile were common punishments in early modern Europe. Though not subject to confinement or direct corporal interventions per se, criminals were sent away from their communities and localities to an uncertain fate. Physical displacement was central to this type of punishment, for it effected permanent social rupture. With the acquisition of colonies overseas, banishment took on a new character. The dynamics of empire building assured not only the removal of European convicts from home but their subsequent transportation overseas and exploitation as cheap labour. Convicted offenders were sent to distant, unknown lands where they were employed either on public works projects or hired out to free settlers. Often Europeans worked in tandem with other forms of migrant or coerced labour, liked indentured servants or slaves. Though it never entirely replaced imprisonment, transportation was an important supplement to local penal practices. It solved periodic crises of overcrowding, notably during times of economic hardship when prison populations tended to rise. [Opening paragraph]

History

Citation

Anderson, C, 'Sepoys, Servants and Settlers : convict transportation in the Indian Ocean, 1787-1945', ed. Dikotter, F;Brown, I, 'Cultures of Confinement: the prison in global perspective', Christopher Hurst, 2007, pp. 185-220

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF ARTS, HUMANITIES AND LAW/School of History

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Anderson

Publisher

C. Hurst & Co. (Publishers) Ltd

isbn

9781850658450

Copyright date

2007

Publisher version

http://www.hurstpublishers.com/book/cultures-of-confinement/

Notes

The file associated with this record is embargoed while permission to archive is sought from the publisher. The final published version may be available through the links above.

Editors

Dikotter, F;Brown, I

Language

en

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