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A Comprehensive Perspective on Intracranial Pressure Monitoring and Individualized Management in Neurocritical Care: Results of a Survey with Global Experts

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posted on 2024-06-10, 10:48 authored by Sérgio Brasil, Daniel Agustín Godoy, Walter Videtta, Andrés Mariano Rubiano, Davi Solla, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Chiara Robba, Frank Rasulo, Marcel Aries, Peter Smielewski, Geert Meyfroidt, Denise Battaglini, Mohammad I Hirzallah, Robson Amorim, Gisele Sampaio, Fabiano Moulin, Cristian Deana, Edoardo Picetti, Angelos Kolias, Peter Hutchinson, Gregory W Hawryluk, Marek Czosnyka, Ronney PaneraiRonney Panerai, Lori A Shutter, Soojin Park, Carla Rynkowski, Jorge Paranhos, Thiago HS Silva, Luiz MS Malbouisson, Wellingson S Paiva

Background Numerous trials have addressed intracranial pressure (ICP) management in neurocritical care. However, identifying its harmful thresholds and controlling ICP remain challenging in terms of improving outcomes. Evidence suggests that an individualized approach is necessary for establishing tolerance limits for ICP, incorporating factors such as ICP waveform (ICPW) or pulse morphology along with additional data provided by other invasive (e.g., brain oximetry) and noninvasive monitoring (NIM) methods (e.g., transcranial Doppler, optic nerve sheath diameter ultrasound, and pupillometry). This study aims to assess current ICP monitoring practices among experienced clinicians and explore whether guidelines should incorporate ancillary parameters from NIM and ICPW in future updates. Methods We conducted a survey among experienced professionals involved in researching and managing patients with severe injury across low-middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). We sought their insights on ICP monitoring, particularly focusing on the impact of NIM and ICPW in various clinical scenarios. Results From October to December 2023, 109 professionals from the Americas and Europe participated in the survey, evenly distributed between LMIC and HIC. When ICP ranged from 22 to 25 mm Hg, 62.3% of respondents were open to considering additional information, such as ICPW and other monitoring techniques, before adjusting therapy intensity levels. Moreover, 77% of respondents were inclined to reassess patients with ICP in the 18–22 mm Hg range, potentially escalating therapy intensity levels with the support of ICPW and NIM. Differences emerged between LMIC and HIC participants, with more LMIC respondents preferring arterial blood pressure transducer leveling at the heart and endorsing the use of NIM techniques and ICPW as ancillary information. Conclusions Experienced clinicians tend to personalize ICP management, emphasizing the importance of considering various monitoring techniques. ICPW and noninvasive techniques, particularly in LMIC settings, warrant further exploration and could potentially enhance individualized patient care. The study suggests updating guidelines to include these additional components for a more personalized approach to ICP management.


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College of Life Sciences Cardiovascular Sciences


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Neurocritical Care


Springer Science and Business Media LLC





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United States



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Professor Ronney Panerai

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