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A Dual-Process Model of the Effects of Segmentation on Work-Nonwork Conflict

journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-21, 10:05 authored by George Michaelides, Karen NivenKaren Niven, Stephen Wood, Ilke Inceoglu

Segmentation of work from nonwork life is widely presented as desirable to maximiserecovery from work. Yet it involves effort which may reduce its positive effects. We present adual-processmodel of segmentationbased on integrating boundary theory and self-regulation theory, that shows how creating and maintaining boundariescanhave both positive and negative effects. Segmentation allows individuals to psychological detach from work, thereby reducing work–nonwork conflict,but canalsodeplete an individual’s momentary capacity for state self-control, increasing work–nonwork conflict. We testedour model with two studies: a weekly diary study witha sample of 436individuals,and a daily diary study with data collected at two time points each dayfrom 162participants. Using a Bayesian approach,we find some support for our hypothesised dual pathways. In both studies, psychological detachment mediatedanegative relationship between segmentation and work–nonwork conflict. Inthe daily study, state self-control capacity mediated a positive relationship betweensegmentation andwork–nonwork conflict, but this effect was present only when individualsworkedonsite and not when working at home.Thispapercontributes towardsunderstanding the mechanisms explainingthe relationship between segmentation and work–nonwork conflict and underscores the importance of self-regulation in this process.

Funding

Impact Acceleration Account 2019: Leicester

Economic and Social Research Council

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History

Author affiliation

College of Social Sci Arts and Humanities School of Business

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

Publisher

Wiley

issn

0963-1798

eissn

2044-8325

Copyright date

2024

Publisher DOI

Language

en

Deposited by

Professor Stephen Wood

Deposit date

2024-06-18

Data Access Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.