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A novel deep structure U-Net for sea-land segmentation in remote sensing images

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-09-19, 11:09 authored by Pourya Shamsolmoali, Masoumeh Zareapoor, Ruili Wang, Huiyu Zhou, Jie Yang
Sea-land segmentation is an important process for many key applications in remote sensing. Proper operative sea-land segmentation for remote sensing images remains a challenging issue due to complex and diverse transition between sea and land. Although several convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been developed for sea-land segmentation, the performance of these CNNs is far from the expected target. This paper presents a novel deep neural network structure for pixel-wise sea-land segmentation, a residual Dense U-Net (RDU-Net), in complex and high-density remote sensing images. RDU-Net is a combination of both downsampling and upsampling paths to achieve satisfactory results. In each downsampling and upsampling path, in addition to the convolution layers, several densely connected residual network blocks are proposed to systematically aggregate multiscale contextual information. Each dense network block contains multilevel convolution layers, short-range connections, and an identity mapping connection, which facilitates features reuse in the network and makes full use of the hierarchical features from the original images. These proposed blocks have a certain number of connections that are designed with shorter distance backpropagation between the layers and can significantly improve segmentation results while minimizing computational costs. We have performed extensive experiments on two real datasets, Google-Earth and ISPRS, and compared the proposed RDU-Net against several variations of dense networks. The experimental results show that RDU-Net outperforms the other state-of-the-art approaches on the sea-land segmentation tasks.

Funding

This research is partly supported by the National Science Foundation of China, (No: 61572315, 6151101179) and the 973 Plan, China (No. 2015CB856004).

History

Citation

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 2019

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Informatics

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

issn

1939-1404

Acceptance date

2019-09-01

Copyright date

2019

Available date

2019-09-19

Publisher version

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8789636

Language

en

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