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A semi-supervised Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image recognition algorithm based on attention mechanism and bias-variance decomposition

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posted on 2019-09-19, 10:53 authored by Fei Gao, Wei Shi, Jun Wang, Amir Hussain, Huiyu Zhou
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) target recognition is an important research direction of SAR image interpretation. In recent years, most of machine learning methods applied to SAR target recognition are supervised learning which requires a large number of labeled SAR images. However, labeling SAR images is expensive and time-consuming. We hereby propose an end-to-end semi-supervised recognition method based on an attention mechanism and bias-variance decomposition, which focuses on the unlabeled data screening and pseudo-labels assignment. Different from other learning methods, the training set in each iteration is determined by a module that we here propose, called dataset attention module (DAM). Through DAM, the contributing unlabeled data will have more possibilities to be added into the training set, while the non-contributing and hard-to-learn unlabeled data will receive less attention. During the training process, each unlabeled data will be input into the network for prediction. The pseudo-label of the unlabeled data is considered to be the most probable classification in the multiple predictions, which reduces the risk of the single prediction. We calculate the prediction bias-and-variance of all the unlabeled data and use the result as the criteria to screen the unlabeled data in DAM. In this paper, we carry out semi-supervised learning experiments under different unlabeled rates on the Moving and Stationary Target Acquisition and Recognition (MSTAR) dataset. The recognition accuracy of our method is better than several state of the art semi-supervised learning algorithms.

Funding

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 61771027, Grant 61071139, Grant 61471019, Grant 61501011, and Grant 61171122. The work of A. Hussain was supported in part by the U.K. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under Grant EP/M026981/1. The work of H. Zhou was supported in part by the U.K. EPSRC under Grant EP/N508664/1, Grant EP/R007187/1, and Grant EP/N011074/1, and in part by the Royal Society-Newton Advanced Fellowship under Grant NA160342.

History

Citation

IEEE Access, 2019, 7 (1), pp. 108617-108632

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Informatics

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

IEEE Access

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

eissn

2169-3536

Acceptance date

2019-07-31

Copyright date

2019

Available date

2019-09-19

Language

en

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