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Adult Age Differences in Parafoveal Preview Effects during Reading: Evidence from Chinese

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-08-19, 15:22 authored by Liyuan He, Weidong Ma, Fengdan Shen, Yongshen Wang, Jie Wu, Kayleigh Warrington, Simon P Liversedge, Kevin Paterson
We investigated parafoveal processing by 44 young (18-30 years) and 44 older (65+ years) Chinese readers using eye movement measures. Participants read sentences which included an invisible boundary after a two-character word (N) and before two one-character words (N+1, N+2). Before a reader’s gaze crossed the boundary, N+1 and N+2 were shown normally or masked (i.e., as valid/invalid previews), after which they reverted to normal. Young adults obtained preview benefits (a processing advantage for valid over invalid previews) for both words. However, older adults obtained N+2 preview benefits only when N+1 was valid, suggesting their parafoveal processing is more limited.

Funding

Philosophy and Social Scienceproject of Tianjin grant (Grant No. TJJX17-009)

Chinese Ministry of Education (Grant No. 17JJD190002)

Chinese Ministry of Education 1000 Talents Visiting Professorship

History

Author affiliation

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, College of Life Sciences

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Psychology and Aging

Publisher

American Psychological Association

issn

0882-7974

Acceptance date

2021-07-26

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2021-08-19

Language

en

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