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Age at Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis and Cause-Specific Mortality: Observational Study of Primary Care Patients in England.

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posted on 2023-10-06, 09:18 authored by Mary M Barker, Melanie J Davies, Jack A Sargeant, Juliana CN Chan, Edward W Gregg, Sharmin Shabnam, Kamlesh Khunti, Francesco Zaccardi

Objective

To examine the associations between age at type 2 diabetes diagnosis and the relative and absolute risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in England.

Research design and methods

In this cohort study using primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, we identified 108,061 individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (16-50 years of age), matched to 829,946 individuals without type 2 diabetes. We estimated all-cause and cause-specific mortality (cancer, cardiorenal, other [noncancer or cardiorenal]) by age at diagnosis, using competing-risk survival analyses adjusted for key confounders.

Results

Comparing individuals with versus without type 2 diabetes, the relative risk of death decreased with an older age at diagnosis: the hazard ratio for all-cause mortality was 4.32 (95% CI 3.35-5.58) in individuals diagnosed at ages 16-27 years compared with 1.53 (95% CI 1.46-1.60) at ages 48-50 years. Smaller relative risks by increasing age at diagnosis were also observed for cancer, cardiorenal, and noncancer or cardiorenal death. Irrespective of age at diagnosis, the 10-year absolute risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality were higher in individuals with type 2 diabetes; yet, the absolute differences were small.

Conclusions

Although the relative risk of death in individuals with versus without type 2 was higher at younger ages, the 10-year absolute risk of all investigated causes of death was small and similar in the two groups. Further multidecade studies could help estimate the long-term risk of complications and death in individuals with early-onset type 2 diabetes.

History

Author affiliation

Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Diabetes care

Pagination

dc230834

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

issn

0149-5992

eissn

1935-5548

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2023-10-06

Spatial coverage

United States

Language

eng

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