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An ALMA Survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS Field: Number Counts of Submillimeter Galaxies

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posted on 2018-11-07, 11:25 authored by Stuart M. Stach, Ian Smail, A. M. Swinbank, J. M. Simpson, J. E. Geach, Fang Xia An, Omar Almaini, Vinodiran Arumugam, A. W. Blain, S. C. Chapman, Chian-Chou Chen, C. J. Conselice, E. A. Cooke, K. E. K. Coppin, J. S. Dunlop, Duncan Farrah, B. Gullberg, W. Hartley, R. J. Ivison, D. T. Maltby, M. J. Michalowski, Douglas Scott, Chris Simpson, A. P. Thomson, J. L. Wardlow, P. van der Werf
We report the first results of AS2UDS, an 870 μm continuum survey with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) of a total area of ~50 arcmin2 comprising a complete sample of 716 submillimeter sources drawn from the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS) map of the UKIDSS/UDS field. The S2CLS parent sample covers a 0.96 degree2 field at σ 850 = 0.90 ± 0.05 mJy beam−1. Our deep, high-resolution ALMA observations with σ 870 ~ 0.25 mJy and a 0farcs15–0farcs30 FWHM synthesized beam, provide precise locations for 695 submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) responsible for the submillimeter emission corresponding to 606 sources in the low-resolution, single-dish map. We measure the number counts of SMGs brighter than S 870 ≥ 4 mJy, free from the effects of blending and show that the normalization of the counts falls by 28% ± 2% in comparison with the SCUBA-2 published counts, but that the shape remains unchanged. We determine that ${44}_{-14}^{+16}$% of the brighter single-dish sources with S 850 ≥ 9 mJy consist of a blend of two or more ALMA-detectable SMGs brighter than S 870 ~ 1 mJy (corresponding to a galaxy with a total-infrared luminosity of L IR gsim 1012 L ⊙), in comparison with 28% ± 2% for the single-dish sources at S 850 ≥ 5 mJy. Using the 46 single-dish submillimeter sources that contain two or more ALMA-detected SMGs with photometric redshifts, we show that there is a significant statistical excess of pairs of SMGs with similar redshifts (<1% probability of occurring by chance), suggesting that at least 30% of these blends arise from physically associated pairs of SMGs.

Funding

S.M.S. acknowledges the support of STFC studentship (ST/N50404X/1). A.M.S. and I.S. acknowledge financial support from an STFC grant (ST/P000541/1). I.S., E.A.C., and B.G. also acknowledge support from the ERC Advanced Investigator program DUSTYGAL 321334, and a Royal Society/Wolfson Merit Award. J.E.G. acknowledges support from a Royal Society University Research Fellowship. J.L.W. acknowledges the support of an STFC Ernest Rutherford Fellowship. M.J.M. acknowledges the support of the National Science Centre, Poland through the POLONEZ grant 2015/19/P/ST9/04010; this project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 665778. The ALMA data used in this paper were obtained under programs ADS/JAO.ALMA#2012.1.00090.S, #2015.1.01528.S, and #2016.1.00434.S. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada) and NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO, and NAOJ. This paper used data from project MJLSC02 on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, which is operated by the East Asian Observatory on behalf of The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, the National Astronomical Observatories of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant No. XDB09000000), with additional funding support from the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom and participating universities in the United Kingdom and Canada. UKIDSS DR11 photometry made use of UKIRT. UKIRT is owned by the University of Hawaii (UH) and operated by the UH Institute for Astronomy; operations are enabled through the cooperation of the East Asian Observatory. When some of the data reported here were acquired, UKIRT was supported by NASA and oper

History

Citation

Astrophysical Journal, 2018, 860 (2), pg. 161 (8)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Astrophysical Journal

Publisher

American Astronomical Society, IOP Publishing

issn

0004-637X

eissn

1538-4357

Acceptance date

2018-05-15

Copyright date

2018

Available date

2018-11-07

Publisher version

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aac5e5/meta

Language

en

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