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Automatic grade promotion and student performance: Evidence from Brazil
journal contributionposted on 2015-09-29, 12:20 authored by Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner
This paper examines the effect of automatic grade promotion on academic achievement in 1993 public primary schools in Brazil. A difference-in-differences approach that exploits variation over time and across schools in the grade promotion regime allows the identification of the treatment effect of automatic promotion. I find a negative and significant effect of about 7% of a standard deviation on math test scores. I provide evidence in support of the interpretation of the estimates as a disincentive effect of automatic promotion. The findings contribute to the understanding of retention policies by focussing on the ex-ante effect of repetition and are important for more complete cost-benefit considerations of grade retention. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
CitationJournal of Development Economics, 2014, 107, pp. 277-290
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/Department of Economics
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)