University of Leicester
TARDIS Baseline IJS 20160916 Clean.pdf (415.96 kB)

Baseline characteristics of the 3096 patients recruited into the 'Triple Antiplatelets for Reducing Dependency after Ischemic Stroke' trial.

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posted on 2016-11-21, 09:24 authored by P. M. Bath, J. P. Appleton, M. Beridze, H. Christensen, R. A. Dineen, L. Duley, T. J. England, S. Heptinstall, M. James, K. Krishnan, H. S. Markus, S. Pocock, A. Ranta, Thompson G. Robinson, K. Flaherty, P. Scutt, G. S. Venables, L. J. Woodhouse, N. Sprigg
BACKGROUND: The risk of recurrence following ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack is highest immediately after the event. Antiplatelet agents are effective in reducing the risk of recurrence and two agents are superior to one in the early phase after ictus. DESIGN: The triple antiplatelets for reducing dependency after ischemic stroke trial was an international multicenter prospective randomized open-label blinded-endpoint trial that assessed the safety and efficacy of short-term intensive antiplatelet therapy with three agents (combined aspirin, clopidogrel and dipyridamole) as compared with guideline treatment in acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. The primary outcome was stroke recurrence and its severity, measured using the modified Rankin Scale at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included recurrent vascular events, functional measures (cognition, disability, mood, quality of life), and safety (bleeding, death, serious adverse events). Data are number (%) or mean (standard deviation, SD). RESULTS: Recruitment ran from April 2009 to March 2016; 3096 patients were recruited from 106 sites in four countries (Denmark 1.6%, Georgia 2.7%, New Zealand 0.2%, UK 95.4%). Randomization characteristics included: age 69.0 (10.1) years; male 1945 (62.8%); time onset to randomization 29.4 (11.9) h; stroke severity (National Institutes for Health Stroke Scale) 2.8 (3.6); blood pressure 143.5 (18.2)/79.5 (11.4) mmHg; IS 2143 (69.2%), transient ischemic attack 953 (30.8%). CONCLUSION: Triple antiplatelets for reducing dependency after ischemic stroke was a large trial of intensive/triple antiplatelet therapy in acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack, and included participants from four predominantly Caucasian countries who were representative of patients in many western stroke services.


The TARDIS start-up phase was funded by the British Heart Foundation (grant PG/08/083/25779, 1 April 2009 – 30 September 2012); the TARDIS main phase is funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Heath Technology Assessment (HTA) Programme (grant 10/104/24, 1 October 2012 – 30 September 2017, This paper presents independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health. PMB is Stroke Association Professor of Stroke Medicine; PMB and TGR are NIHR Senior Investigators.



International Journal of Stroke, November 3, 2016 1747493016677988

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/School of Medicine/Department of Cardiovascular Sciences


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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International Journal of Stroke


SAGE Publications (UK and US), World Stroke Organization





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