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Belief in a Zero-Sum Game and Subjective Well-Being Across 35 Countries

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posted on 2019-05-08, 10:17 authored by J Różycka-Tra, J Piotrowski, M Żemojtel-Piotrowska, P Jurek, E Osin, B Adams, R Ardi, S Baltatescu, A Bhomi, S Bogomaz, J Cieciuch, A Clinton, G de Clunie, A Czarna, S Esteves, V Gouveia, M Halik, N Kachatryan, S Kamble, A Kawula, M Klicperova-Baker, A Kospakov, E Letovancova, V Lun, S Malo Cerrato, S Muelbacher, M Nikolic, A Pankratova, J Park, E Paspalanova, G Pék, P Perez de Leon, I Poláčková Šolcová, W Shahbaz, K Truong Thi, H Tiliouine, A Van Hiel, M Vauclair, E Wills-Herrera, A Włodarczyk, I Yagiyaev, J Maltby
This article presents a short research report on the relationship between perceived antagonism in social relations measured using the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect. Given that individuals who believe that life is like a zero-sum game are likely to perceive their daily interactions with others as unfair, we expected that individuals with high BZSG experience more negative affect and fewer positive one, resulting in a lower satisfaction with life. In addition, we examined whether country-level BZSG may play a moderating role in these associations. Data were collected from student samples (N = 7,146) in 35 countries. Multilevel modelling revealed that perceived social antagonism in social relations is negatively associated with satisfaction with life and that this relationship is mediated by both positive and negative affect at the individual level. The relation of individual BZSG and negative affect on satisfaction with life were weaker in societies with higher country-level BZSG, suggesting that the effects of BZSG may be less detrimental in these countries. These findings extend previous knowledge about predictors of life satisfaction and suggest that social beliefs might also be an important factor that influences subjective well-being. The contribution of the study is that the separate treatment of life satisfaction and positive and negative affect may be helpful in many research situations, particularly from a cross-cultural perspective.

Funding

The work of Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska and Jarosław Piotrowski was supported by NCN 2016/21/B/HS6/01069. The work of Evgeny Osin was supported by the Russian Academic Excellence project “5-100”. The work of Truong Thi Khanh Ha was funded by grants 501.01-2016.02 from the Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED)

History

Citation

Current Psychology, 2019

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/Biological Sciences/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Current Psychology

Publisher

Springer (part of Springer Nature)

issn

1046-1310

Acceptance date

2019-04-30

Copyright date

2019

Available date

2019-09-17

Publisher version

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12144-019-00291-0

Language

en

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