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Beliefs, practices, perceptions and motivations of healthcare professionals on medication deprescribing during end-of-life care: A systematic review

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posted on 2024-05-02, 09:26 authored by Elizabeth Hickman, Abdullah Almaqhawi, Clare Gillies, Kamlesh Khunti, Samuel SeiduSamuel Seidu

Aim

Conduct a systematic review to investigate current beliefs, practices, perceptions, and motivations towards deprescribing practices from the healthcare professional perspective in older adults residing in long term care facilities with cardiometabolic conditions, using a narrative approach.

Methods

Studies were identified using a literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL and Web of Science from inception to June 2023 Two reviewers (EH and AA) independently extracted data from each selected study using a standardised self-developed data extraction proforma. Studies reviewed included cross-sectional and observational studies. Data was extracted on baseline characteristics, motivations and beliefs and was discussed using a narrative approach.

Results

Eight studies were identified for inclusion. Deprescribing approaches included complete withdrawal, dose reduction, or switching to an alternative medication, for at least one preventive medication. Most healthcare professionals were willing to initiate deprescribing strategies and stated the importance of such interventions, however many felt inexperienced and lacked the required knowledge to feel comfortable doing so.

Conclusion

Deprescribing is a key strategy when managing older people with cardiometabolic and multiple long term conditions (MLTC). Overall, HCPs including specialists, were happy to explore deprescribing strategies if provided with the relevant training and development to do so. Barriers that still exist include communication and consultation skills, a lack of evidence-based guidance and trust based policies, and a lack of MDT communications and involvement.

Systematic review registration

PROSPERO CRD42022335106.

Funding

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East Midlands (ARC EM)

History

Author affiliation

College of Life Sciences/Population Health Sciences

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Primary Care Diabetes

Pagination

S1751-9918(24)00040-8

Publisher

Elsevier BV

issn

1751-9918

eissn

1878-0210

Copyright date

2024

Available date

2024-05-02

Spatial coverage

England

Language

en

Deposited by

Dr Clare Gillies

Deposit date

2024-04-29

Rights Retention Statement

  • No

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