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Characterising asset-based studies in public health: development of a framework

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Version 1 2023-03-08, 09:55
journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-04, 15:26 authored by Jacqueline Martin-Kerry, Jennifer McLean, Trevor Hopkins, Antony Morgan, Laurie Dunn, Robert Walton, Su Golder, Tim Allison, Des Cooper, Pia Wohland, Stephanie Prady

Asset-based approaches are becoming more common within public health interventions; however, due to variations in terminology, it can be difficult to identify asset-based approaches. The study aimed to develop and test a framework that could distinguish between asset-based and deficit-based community studies, whilst acknowledging there is a continuum of approaches. Literature about asset-based and deficit-based approaches were reviewed and a framework was developed based on the Theory of Change model. A scoring system was developed for each of the five elements in the framework based on this model. Measurement of community engagement was built in, and a way of capturing how much the study involved an asset approach. The framework was tested on 13 studies examining community-based interventions to investigate whether it could characterize asset-based versus deficit-based studies. The framework demonstrated how much the principles underpinning asset-based approaches were present and distinguished between studies where the approach was deficit-based to those that had some elements of an asset-based approach. This framework is useful for researchers and policymakers when determining how much of an intervention is asset-based and identifying which elements of asset-based approaches lead to an intervention working.

Funding

Cancer Research UK (grant reference C62562/A26768)

History

Author affiliation

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Health Promotion International

Volume

38

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

issn

1460-2245

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2023-12-04

Language

en

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