University of Leicester
Browse

File(s) under permanent embargo

Reason: awaiting AAM from author

Clinical Utility of Cerebrospinal Fluid Aβ42and Tau Measures in Diagnosing Mild Cognitive Impairment in Early Onset Dementia

journal contribution
posted on 2022-07-13, 09:26 authored by AA Hosseini, T Brown, L Mannino, B Gran, K Junaid, EB Mukaetova-Ladinska
Background: The differentiation of a preclinical or prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging particularly in patients with early onset Alzheimer's or related dementias (EOARD). We report our experience on diagnostic lumbar puncture to diagnose EOARD at a tertiary neurocognitive referral center in Nottingham, England from March 2018 to October 2020. Objective: To assess amyloid-β42 (Aβ42), total tau, and Thr181-phosphorylated tau (p-tau) measurements in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and in relation to their follow-up cognitive performance. Methods: Thirty participants aged 32-68 years old (mean 59 years; 57% female) were included. Clinical diagnosis was based on clinical presentation, neurocognitive profile, neuroradiological features (MRI, FDG-PET CT) and CSF Aβ42, total tau, and p-tau measurements. Results: Patients with MCI who progressed to AD (prodromal AD) had significantly higher CSF total (797.63 pg/ml) and p-tau (82.31 pg/ml), and lower Aβ42 levels (398.94 pg/ml) in comparison to their counterparts with stable MCI (total tau 303.67 pg/ml, p-tau 43.56 pg/ml, Aβ42 873.44 pg/ml) (p < 0.01 for CSF total and p-tau measures and p < 0.0001 for CSF Aβ42 measures). None of the CSF biomarkers correlated with any of the cognitive performance measures. Principal component analysis confirmed that the clinical diagnosis of MCI secondary to AD, namely prodromal AD (as per NIA-AA criteria) in younger adults, was associated with decreased CSF Aβ42. Conclusion: In early onset AD, low levels of CSF Aβ42 appear to be more sensitive than total and p-tau measures in differentiating AD MCI from other forms of dementia. Further work on larger samples of EOARD in clinical practice will address the cost effectiveness of making an earlier diagnosis.

History

Author affiliation

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester

Version

  • P (Proof)

Published in

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

Volume

87

Issue

2

Pagination

771 - 780

Publisher

IOS Press

issn

1387-2877

eissn

1875-8908

Acceptance date

2022-03-07

Copyright date

2022

Spatial coverage

Netherlands

Language

eng

Usage metrics

    University of Leicester Publications

    Categories

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC