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Critical Current Density in d-Wave Hubbard Superconductors

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posted on 2023-02-03, 09:47 authored by JS Millán, J Millán, LA Pérez, HS Ruiz
In this work, the Generalized Hubbard Model on a square lattice is applied to evaluate the electrical current density of high critical temperature d-wave superconductors with a set of Hamiltonian parameters allowing them to reach critical temperatures close to 100 K. The appropriate set of Hamiltonian parameters permits us to apply our model to real materials, finding a good quantitative fit with important macroscopic superconducting properties such as the critical superconducting temperature ((Formula presented.)) and the critical current density (Formula presented.). We propose that much as in a dispersive medium, in which the velocity of electrons can be estimated by the gradient of the dispersion relation (Formula presented.), the electron velocity is proportional to (Formula presented.) in the superconducting state (where (Formula presented.) is the dispersion relation of the quasiparticles, and k is the electron wave vector). This considers the change of (Formula presented.) with respect to the chemical potential ((Formula presented.)) and the formation of pairs that gives rise to an excitation energy gap (Formula presented.) in the electron density of states across the Fermi level. When (Formula presented.) at the Fermi surface (FS), only the term for the energy gap remains, whose magnitude reflects the strength of the pairing interaction. Under these conditions, we have found that the d-wave symmetry of the pairing interaction leads to a maximum critical current density in the vicinity of the antinodal k-space direction (Formula presented.) of approximately (Formula presented.) A/cm2, with a much greater current density along the nodal direction (Formula presented.) of (Formula presented.) A/cm2. These results allow for the establishment of a maximum limit for the critical current density that could be attained by a d-wave superconductor.

Funding

The authors thankfully acknowledge the computer resources, technical expertise, and support provided by the Laboratorio Nacional de Supercómputo del Sureste de México, CONACYT network of national laboratories. Computations were performed at Cuetlaxcoapan of LNS-BUAP, Project 202201012N and Miztli of DGTIC-UNAM, Project LANCAD-UNAM-DGTIC-180. L.A.P. acknowledges support from UNAM-PAPIIT IN102923. H.S.R. thanks further support and interest provided

History

Citation

Millán, J.S.; Millán, J.; Pérez, L.A.; Ruiz, H.S. Critical Current Density in d-Wave Hubbard Superconductors. Materials 2022, 15, 8969. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15248969

Author affiliation

School of Engineering and Space Park Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Materials

Volume

15

Issue

24

Pagination

8969

Publisher

MDPI AG

issn

1996-1944

eissn

1996-1944

Acceptance date

2022-12-11

Copyright date

2022

Available date

2023-02-03

Spatial coverage

Switzerland

Language

eng

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