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Diagnostic accuracy of the magnetocardiograph for patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome.

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-11-19, 14:28 authored by Steve Goodacre, Stephen J Walters, Hasan Qayyum, Frank Coffey, Edward Carlton, Timothy Coats, William Glazebrook, Lynda Unitt
BACKGROUND:We aimed to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the VitalScan magnetocardiograph (MCG) for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS:We undertook a prospective cohort study evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of the MCG in adults with suspected ACS. The reference standard of ACS was determined by an independent adjudication committee based on 30-day investigations and events. The cohort was split into a training sample, to derive the MCG algorithm and an algorithm combining MCG with a modified Manchester Acute Coronary Syndrome (MACS) clinical probability score, and a validation sample, to estimate diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS:We recruited 756 participants and analysed data from 680 (293 training, 387 validation), of whom 96 (14%) had ACS. In the training sample, the respective area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves were the following: MCG 0.66 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.74), MACS 0.64 (95% CI 0.54 to 0.73) and MCG+MACS 0.70 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.77). MCG specificity was 0.16 (95% CI 0.12 to 0.21) at the threshold achieving acceptable sensitivity for rule-out (>0.98). In the validation sample (n=387), the respective AUROCs were the following: MCG 0.56 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.64), MACS 0.69 (95% CI 0.61 to 0.77) and MCG+MACS 0.64 (95% CI 0.56 to 0.72). MCG sensitivity was 0.89 (95% CI 0.77 to 0.95) and specificity 0.15 (95% CI 0.12 to 0.20) at the rule-out threshold. MCG+MACS sensitivity was 0.85 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.92) and specificity 0.30 (95% CI 0.25 to 0.35). CONCLUSION:The VitalScan MCG is currently unable to accurately rule out ACS and is not yet ready for use in clinical practice. Further developmental research is required.

History

Citation

Emergency Medicine Journal Published Online First: 13 October 2020. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2020-210396

Author affiliation

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Emergency medicine journal : EMJ

Publisher

BMJ

issn

1472-0205

eissn

1472-0213

Acceptance date

2020-09-07

Copyright date

2020

Available date

2020-10-13

Spatial coverage

England

Language

eng

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