Jon Garland Hate Crime Victimisation Article.pdf (210.78 kB)
Difficulties and Dilemmas in Defining Hate Crime Victimisation
journal contributionposted on 2012-05-30, 11:56 authored by Jon Garland
This article analyses the issues involved with deciding which identity groups are categorised as specific hate crime victim groups and which are not. It assesses whether theories of hate crime based around hierarchical notions of group dominance and subordination are helpful in determining which groups should be included under this hate crime ‘umbrella’. Through a discussion of the victimisation of disabled people, the elderly and the homeless, the article outlines key concepts – relating to community, risk, harm and vulnerability – that are central to comprehending the nature of the abuse that they suffer. It also notes the common misreading of ‘low-level’ targeted harassment as anti-social behaviour, and assesses the impact this has upon the development of a more in-depth understanding of the circumstances of victims. The article also highlights the problems with using collective terms such as ‘communities’ or ‘groups’ in this context, as such entities can be very diverse and indeed often intersect with each other. As an alternative, it is suggested that moving the debate away from collective terminology towards an understanding of the risk of targeted victimisation that individuals face would be helpful when trying to assess the circumstances of disabled people, the elderly and the homeless, who currently are still at the margins of the hate debate.
CitationInternational Review of Victimology, 2012, 18 (1), pp. 25-37
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/Department of Criminology
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)