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Disaster risk governance for district-level landslide risk management in Bangladesh

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-04-30, 10:16 authored by Edris Alam, Nibedita S Ray-Bennett
The Government of Bangladesh has been successful in reducing death rates from tropical cyclones. However, in recent years, landslides have been a significant hazard, especially in the south-eastern part of Bangladesh. For example, the landslides of 2017 killed 110 people in Rangamati district. These deaths have raised an important question: whether district disaster risk governance at the local level is effective enough to mitigate the impact of landslide disasters? Based on literature review, nine good characteristics of disaster risk governance were selected (accountability, participation, collaboration, transparency, information sharing, shared decision making, communication, leadership and shared resources) to assess the effectiveness of district disaster risk governance for landslides underpinned by the disaster risk management cycle. These characteristics were assessed by interviewing 18 members of the Rangamati's District Disaster Management Committee. Policy documents were also reviewed to study the devolution of disaster risk governance urged by the Hyogo Framework and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The findings suggest that the four principles (viz. accountability, participation, collaboration, and leadership) function satisfactorily during the response, evacuation, rescue and relief phases compared to the other five principles. The findings also suggest that the national Disaster Management Regulatory Framework and the Disaster Management Institutions are conducive to promote local disaster risk governance. However, there are challenges with regard to collaboration within and between state and non-state actors. As such, context specific recommendations are provided to improve collaboration and effectiveness with implications for other disaster-prone districts in Bangladesh.

History

Citation

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Volume 59, 1 June 2021, 102220

Author affiliation

School of Business

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

Volume

59

Publisher

Elsevier BV

issn

2212-4209

Acceptance date

2021-03-22

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2021-04-30

Language

en

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