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Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm

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posted on 2017-12-01, 12:17 authored by Leigh N. Fletcher, Sandrine Guerlet, Glenn S. Orton, Richard G. Cosentino, Thierry Fouchet, Patrick G.J. Irwin, Liming Li, F. Michael Flasar, Nicolas Gorius, Raúl Morales-Juberias
The equatorial middle atmospheres of the Earth1, Jupiter2 and Saturn3,4 all exhibit a remarkably similar phenomenon—a vertical, cyclic pattern of alternating temperatures and zonal (east–west) wind regimes that propagate slowly downwards with a well-defined multi-year period. Earth’s quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) (observed in the lower stratospheric winds with an average period of 28 months) is one of the most regular, repeatable cycles exhibited by our climate system1,5,6, and yet recent work has shown that this regularity can be disrupted by events occurring far away from the equatorial region, an example of a phenomenon known as atmospheric teleconnection7,8. Here, we reveal that Saturn’s equatorial quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) (with an ~15-year period3,9) can also be dramatically perturbed. An intense springtime storm erupted at Saturn’s northern mid-latitudes in December 201010,11,12, spawning a gigantic hot vortex in the stratosphere at 40° N that persisted for three years13. Far from the storm, the Cassini temperature measurements showed a dramatic ~10 K cooling in the 0.5–5 mbar range across the entire equatorial region, disrupting the regular QPO pattern and significantly altering the middle-atmospheric wind structure, suggesting an injection of westward momentum into the equatorial wind system from waves generated by the northern storm. Hence, as on Earth, meteorological activity at mid-latitudes can have a profound effect on the regular atmospheric cycles in Saturn’s tropics, demonstrating that waves can provide horizontal teleconnections between the phenomena shaping the middle atmospheres of giant planets.

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Citation

Nature Astronomy, 2017, 1, pp. 765-770.

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

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  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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Nature Astronomy

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

issn

2397-3366

Acceptance date

2017-09-05

Copyright date

2017

Available date

2018-04-23

Publisher version

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-017-0271-5

Notes

The file associated with this record is under embargo until 6 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

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en

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