Effect of AZD9977 and spironolactone on serum potassium in heart failure with preserved or mildly reduced ejection fraction, and renal impairment: A randomized trial.
journal contributionposted on 2022-09-20, 11:06 authored by Iain B Squire, Anders Gabrielsen, Peter J Greasley, Linda Wernevik, Judith Hartleib-Geschwindner, Julie Holden, Susanne Johansson, Anna Rudvik, José Sánchez, Krister Bamberg, Johanna Melin, Andrew Whittaker
This phase Ib study compared the effects of AZD9977, a selective mineralocorticoid receptor modulator with predicted low hyperkalemia risk, with spironolactone on serum potassium (sK+ ) in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved or mildly reduced ejection fraction (EF; ≥40%), and renal impairment. Patients with HF with EF greater than or equal to 40% and estimated glomerular filtration rate of 40-70 ml/min/1.73 m2 were randomized to once-daily AZD9977 100 mg or spironolactone 25 mg for 14 days, up-titrated to AZD9977 200 mg or spironolactone 50 mg for another 14 days. The primary end point was relative change (%) in sK+ for AZD9977 versus spironolactone (baseline to day 28). Serum/urinary electrolytes, fractional excretion (FE) of Na+ /K+ , plasma aldosterone, cortisol, and renin, and safety were also assessed. Sixty-eight patients were randomized (AZD9977, n = 33; spironolactone, n = 35). Mean (SD) age was 73.0 (8.5) years, 51.5% men. Mean sK+ change from baseline to day 28 was 5.7% (AZD9977) and 4.2% (spironolactone), and 1.5% and 4.2% at day 14. Relative change (95% confidence interval) in sK+ with AZD9977 versus spironolactone was -0.3% (-5.3% to 4.4%; day 28), and 3.4% (-0.8% to 7.5%; day 14). Median increase from baseline in plasma aldosterone at day 28 was 89.8 pmol/L for AZD9977 and 67.4 pmol/L for spironolactone. Median FE of K+ was 12.9% (AZD9977) and 10.1% (spironolactone). AZD9977 was well-tolerated. No discontinuations due to hyperkalemia occurred with either treatment. Evidence of target engagement for AZD9977 with a favorable safety profile, supports further evaluation of AZD9977 in patients with HF and renal impairment.
Author affiliationDepartment of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester
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