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Embedding corporate social responsibility in small and medium-sized enterprises: a framework for successful implementation and value creation through employee engagement

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-07, 16:27 authored by Ying Yang, Biao Yang, Emma Aiken, Judith Wylie, Trevor Cadden, Ade OyedijoAde Oyedijo

In this paper, we address two interrelated research gaps in the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) literature. The first is a lack of understanding of how CSR strategies are constructed and successfully implemented in practice. The second is the dearth of literature related to embedding CSR within Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). We developed the Conceptual Model of Employee Engagement, CSR Implementation and Value Creation from the literature, applying the Communication Constitutes Organisations (CCO) theoretical lens. This lens proposes that companies move through three communicative phases in embedding CSR: the leadership-driven instrumental phase, the political phase (which seeks feedback from stakeholders) and the networked phase (where CSR activities are co-created with employees). The conceptual model was tested using in-depth case studies with five Northern Irish SMEs. It was found that companies took a phased-approach to CSR implementation, with increasing employee engagement within each phase. The CCO approach results in value creation through CSR becoming initialised and embraced by employees through the 'hard’ and 'soft’ wiring of CSR activities into organisational decision-making. The findings were then operationalised to create The Analytical Framework for Employee Engagement, CSR Implementation and Value Creation to provide guidance to practitioners and policymakers on approaches to incorporating CSR.

History

Author affiliation

College of Social Sci Arts and Humanities School of Business

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Production Planning and Control

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

issn

0953-7287

eissn

1366-5871

Copyright date

2024

Available date

2024-06-07

Language

en

Deposited by

Dr Ade Oyedijo

Deposit date

2024-05-31

Rights Retention Statement

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