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Estimation of age-standardized net survival, even when age-specific data are sparse
journal contributionposted on 2020-09-03, 09:20 authored by Mark J Rutherford, Paul W Dickman, Enzo Coviello, Paul C Lambert
Background: Age-standardization is vital in international comparison studies of cancer patient survival, but standard approaches can fail to produce estimates in the case of sparsity. Methods: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that using a standardization pre-weighting approach is a viable alternative approach for external age-standardization in population-based cancer data and performs well in cases of sparsity. We further de;1;scribe how the pre-weighting approach to age-standardization can be coupled with the Pohar Perme estimator in both a cohort and period analysis setting. For period analysis, we compare approaches for defining the internal age distribution. We use SEER public use data to illustrate our approach and estimate survival for Connecticut and by race to create a scenario with sufficient sparsity.
Results: The pre-weighting approach gives comparable estimates to traditional age-standardization in cases with sufficient data and produces estimates throughout follow-up in cases of sparsity when a traditional approach would fail.
Conclusion: International comparison studies and other national population-based survival studies that need to age-standardize estimates for comparability purposes should adopt the Pohar Perme estimator with pre-weighting. This approach avoids issues of non-estimation in the case of sparsity and will allow more consistent comparisons across the produced estimates.
This work was supported by the Swedish Research Council (grants 521-2013-3383, 2017-01581); and the Swedish Cancer Society (grant CAN2015/583).
CitationCancer Epidemiology, Volume 67, August 2020, 101745
Author affiliationDepartment of Health Sciences, University of Leicester
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)