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Evaluation of Quality of Diabetic Foot Examination on YouTube

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-02, 17:09 authored by A Almaqhawi, P Highton, M Narasimhan, MJ Davies, K Khunti, S Seidu

Introduction: Foot ulcers and amputations are common conditions in people with diabetes and can considerably impact quality of life, necessitate a lengthy hospital stay and increase mortality. Preventative foot care and examination can prevent or delay ulceration, and individuals may seek information from publicly available social media resources such as YouTube. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the educational quality and reliability of publicly available YouTube videos on diabetes foot examinations. 

Method: A YouTube search for “diabetic foot examination” was conducted, and the first 100 relevant English videos focused on examining the diabetic foot were included for evaluation. The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) standards were used to measure video reliability. The Global Quality Score (GQS) and the Diabetes UK Annual Foot Check (DUK-C) checklist were used to assess video educational quality. Differences in JAMA, GQS, and DUK-C ratings were analysed after videos were sorted by topic and source. 

Results: The mean number of views per video was 101,311.9 ± 348,383.6, and the mean video power index was 41.6 ± 170.0. The most common upload source was from physicians (28%) and, the most popular material category was diabetes foot examination (58 videos). In terms of video reliability, 36% of videos scored 0. According to the GQS standards, only 5% of the videos are of excellent quality, while 34% are of poor quality, with 24 videos scoring between 0 and 1 on the DUK-C scale. 

Conclusion: While foot care examination videos have a substantial audience, the majority are considered low in quality and reliability. Videos on comprehensive diabetic foot examination should be accessed on reputable sources that guarantee standardisations of video quality and take into account the simplification of information transmission in order to reach lay audiences.


National Institute for Health Research



Almaqhawi, A, Highton, P, Narasimhan, M, Davies, MJ, Khunti, K, Seidu, S. Evaluation of quality of diabetic foot examination on YouTube. Diabet Med. 2022; 00:e14936. doi: 10.1111/dme.14936

Author affiliation

Diabetes Research Centre; Department of Life Sciences; NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre;


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