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Extinction of instrumental avoidance

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-04-16, 10:51 authored by G Urcelay, A Prevel
There has been a recent surge of interest in avoidance behavior and potential ways to minimize it, given its critical role in psychiatric conditions such as anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In this review, we summarize recent work investigating the extinction of avoidance behavior in humans and rodents. We focus on tasks, the role of inhibitory learning (the avoidance response or safety signals) recovery from extinction, and individual differences. We argue that more research is needed to understand how inhibition interacts with extinction learning, the circumstances under which extinction of avoidance recovers, because understanding these will enable researchers to design better treatments focused on exposure-based therapies. We propose that this should be one of the main goals for successful treatment, and outline several hitherto unexplored questions.

History

Citation

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences Volume 26, April 2019, Pages 165-171

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/Biological Sciences/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

Volume

26

Pagination

165-171

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

2352-1546

Acceptance date

2019-01-25

Copyright date

2019

Available date

2019-03-07

Publisher version

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352154618302043

Language

en

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