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Facilitation of positive social interaction through visual art in dementia: a case study using video-analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-04-27, 10:55 authored by Justine Schneider, Spencer Hazel, Christian Morgner, Tom Dening
The aims of this exploratory study were: to investigate the process of visual art appreciation in a person with dementia, in real time; and to test the feasibility of using video-analysis as a method to explore this process by and with a person who has minimal verbal expression. Gallery personnel guided a woman with severe dementia around an exhibition. Audio-visual recordings of the interactions were analysed. Patterns were identified, and interpreted in the light of conversation analysis theory and research. Evidence was found of turn-taking vocalisations on the part of the research participant. Her participation in a dialogical process was facilitated by the skilled and empathic gallery personnel in ways that the analysis makes clear. We argue that this supports the inference that successful communicative acts took place, contrary to expectations in the light of the participant's level of disability. We demonstrate in this paper how a woman with minimal speech due to dementia was enabled to engage with visual art through the facilitation of an expert guide, attuned to her needs. This is a novel example of a person-centred approach, because it takes place outside the context of caring, which is the typical setting for examining person-centred ways of relating to individuals with dementia.

Funding

Linguistic Profiling for Professionals at the University of Nottingham supported Spencer Hazel’s contribution to the paper. Alzheimer’s Research UK funded the research through a pump-priming award.

History

Citation

Ageing and Society, 2018, pp. 1-21

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/Department of Media, Communication and Sociology

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Ageing and Society

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP) for British Society of Gerontology, Journal of The Centre for Policy on Ageing

issn

0144-686X

eissn

1469-1779

Acceptance date

2018-01-26

Copyright date

2018

Available date

2018-04-27

Publisher version

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ageing-and-society/article/facilitation-of-positive-social-interaction-through-visual-art-in-dementia-a-case-study-using-videoanalysis/BF1A343B8948B42B472FD8D44508CB42

Language

en

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