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Finding Magnetopause Standoff Distance Using a Soft X-Ray Imager: 1. Magnetospheric Masking

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posted on 2023-07-05, 15:14 authored by A Samsonov, JA Carter, A Read, S Sembay, G Branduardi-Raymont, D Sibeck, P Escoubet

The magnetopause standoff distance characterizes global magnetospheric compression and deformation in response to changes in the solar wind dynamic pressure and interplanetary magnetic field orientation. We cannot derive this parameter from in situ spacecraft measurements. However, time series of the magnetopause standoff distance can be obtained in the near future using observations by soft X-ray imagers. In two companion papers, we describe methods of finding the standoff distance from X-ray images. In Part 1, we present the results of MHD simulations which we use for the calculation of the X-ray emissivity in the magnetosheath and cusps. Some MHD models predict relatively high density in the magnetosphere, larger than observed in the data. Correcting this, we develop magnetospheric masking methods to separate the magnetosphere from the magnetosheath and cusps. We simulate the X-ray emissivity in the magnetosheath for different solar wind conditions and dipole tilts.

Funding

UK Space Agency. Grant Number: ST/T002964/1

Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin

International Space Science Institute

History

Author affiliation

School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Volume

127

Issue

12

Publisher

Wiley for American Geophysical Union

issn

2169-9380

eissn

2169-9402

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2023-07-05

Language

en

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