University of Leicester
Revised Manuscript - 25 05 17 - accepted .pdf (347.35 kB)

Fitness Moderates Glycemic Responses to Sitting and Light Activity Breaks

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-08-14, 10:52 authored by Matthew McCarthy, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Melanie J. Davies, Joseph Henson, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Kamlesh Khunti, David W. Dunstan, James A. King, Thomas Yates
PURPOSE: This study aimed to experimentally determine whether cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) modifies postprandial glycemia during prolonged sitting and investigated the potentially blunting influence this may have upon the benefits of interrupting postprandial sitting time with light activity breaks. METHODS: Thirty-four adults (18female; 16male; mean ± SD age: 40 ± 9years, BMI: 24.5 ± 3kg/m) undertook two 7·5hour experimental conditions in a randomized order: 1) Prolonged sitting; 2) Sitting interspersed with 5min light walking bouts every 30min. Blood samples were obtained while fasting and postprandially following ingestion of two identical meals. Incremental Area Under the Curve (iAUC) was calculated for glucose and insulin throughout experimental conditions. Maximal exercise testing quantified VO2 peak as a measure of CRF. A repeated measures ANOVA investigated whether VO2 peak modified glucose and insulin iAUC between conditions. RESULTS: Breaking sedentary time with light walking breaks reduced blood glucose iAUC from 3.89 ± 0.7 to 2·51 ± 0.7mmol·L·h (p=0.015) and insulin iAUC from 241 ± 46 to 156 ± 24mU·L·h (p=0.013) after adjustment for VO2 peak and sex. A significant interaction between treatment response and VO2 peak was observed for glucose (p=0.035), but not insulin (p=0.062), whereby the treatment effect reduced with higher CRF. Average blood glucose iAUC responses for a man at the 25th centile of CRF within our cohort (42.5mL[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) went from 5.80 to 2.98mmol·L·h during the prolonged sitting and light walking break conditions respectively, whereas average responses for a man at the 75th centile of CRF (60.5mL[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) went from 1.99 to 1.78mmol·L·h. Similar trends were observed for women. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with low CRF gained the most metabolic benefit from breaking prolonged sitting with regular bouts of light walking.



Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2017, in press

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/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/School of Medicine/Department of Cardiovascular Sciences


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Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise


American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)





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