Forced migration and 'rejected alternatives': a conceptual refinement
journal contributionposted on 2015-06-03, 08:56 authored by David V. S. Bartram
The ‘forced migration’ concept can obscure how some people who migrate in this mode exercise a key form of agency. Some refugee flows occur when people reasonably reject options that might obviate the need to flee (e.g. abandoning their religious beliefs). A similar form of agency must be recognized regarding forced migration of other types: people facing severe economic difficulties sometimes become migrants by rejecting options that might secure their subsistence, and when that choice is reasonable because the alternatives amount to human rights violations, we should then describe their migration as ‘forced’ even if it is not wholly involuntary.
CitationJournal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 2015, 13(4), 439-456
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/Department of Sociology
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)