University of Leicester
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Future of information technology and telecommunication in type 1 diabetes clinical care: results of an online survey

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-06-24, 11:29 authored by Daniela Haluza, Samantha Lang, Helen Rogers, Sophie Harris, David Jungwirth, Pratik Choudhary, Ingrid Schuetz-Fuhrmann, Marietta Stadler
Objective: To assess the attitude of people living with type 1 diabetes toward the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to facilitate access to diabetes healthcare professionals (HCPs). Research design and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey in two European tertiary diabetes care centers in London, UK, and Vienna, Austria, and from online diabetes platforms. Participants were asked about general options of online diabetes care and were presented with three scenarios (teleconference, online chat and telemonitoring of continuous glucose monitoring traces). Results: In total, 294 people (59% female; 78 British, 164 Austrians, 47 Germans, 5 from other countries; 45±15 years) who had been living with type 1 diabetes for 26±14.5 years participated. The vast majority of participants were insulin pump (and/or glucose sensor) users (84%) and reported good glycemic control (31% with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) <7% and 51% with HbA1c 7%-8%). ICT was generally acceptable for counseling, with email/online messaging services and online health platform the most preferred options (74% and 53%). Study participants expressed a neutral to positive attitude toward the combined theme scores (relationship with HCP; confidence using technology; trust in data protection; intrusion of patient privacy; general acceptance of ICT in healthcare). UK participants showed more positive attitudes toward ICT across all theme scores than participants from Austria and Germany, but there were no gender-related differences. Conclusions: This online survey identified a highly ICT-astute group of people with type 1 diabetes, already using technology for insulin delivery, for whom online supported clinical diabetes care would be a viable and welcomed option.


This work was supported by a summer studentship to SL and was funded by a poster prize awarded by King’s College London-Integrated Academic Training Programme to MS. MS’s salary is funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) through a Clinician Scientist Fellowship award (CS-2017-17-023).



BMJ Open Diab Res Care 2019;7:e000917


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BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care




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