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Have we found a solution for health misinformation? A ten-year systematic review of health misinformation literature 2013-2022

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-10, 14:40 authored by Huiyu Zhou, S Zhang, Y Zhu

Background

Health misinformation (HM) has emerged as a prominent social issue in recent years, driven by declining public trust, popularisation of digital media platforms and escalating public health crisis. Since the Covid-19 pandemic, HM has raised critical concerns due to its significant impacts on both individuals and society as a whole. A comprehensive understanding of HM and HM-related studies would be instrumental in identifying possible solutions to address HM and the associated challenges.


Methods

Following the PRISMA procedure, 11,739 papers published from January 2013 to December 2022 were retrieved from five electronic databases, and 813 papers matching the inclusion criteria were retained for further analysis. This article critically reviewed HM-related studies, detailing the factors facilitating HM creation and dissemination, negative impacts of HM, solutions to HM, and research methods employed in those studies.


Results

A growing number of studies have focused on HM since 2013. Results of this study highlight that trust plays a significant while latent role in the circuits of HM, facilitating the creation and dissemination of HM, exacerbating the negative impacts of HM and amplifying the difficulty in addressing HM.


Conclusion

For health authorities and governmental institutions, it is essential to systematically build public trust in order to reduce the probability of individuals acceptation of HM and to improve the effectiveness of misinformation correction. Future studies should pay more attention to the role of trust in how to address HM.


Have we found a solution for health misinformation? A ten-year systematic review of health misinformation literature 2013–2022.

History

Author affiliation

College of Science & Engineering/Comp' & Math' Sciences

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

International Journal of Medical Informatics

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

1386-5056

eissn

1872-8243

Copyright date

2024

Available date

2024-05-10

Language

en

Deposited by

Professor Huiyu Zhou

Deposit date

2024-05-09

Rights Retention Statement

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