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HbA1c trajectories over 3 years in people with type 2 diabetes starting second-line glucose-lowering therapy: The prospective global DISCOVER study.
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-25, 09:59 authored by Brenda Bongaerts, Oliver Kuss, Fabrice Bonnet, Hungta Chen, Andrew Cooper, Peter Fenici, Marilia B Gomes, Niklas Hammar, Linong Ji, Kamlesh Khunti, Jesus Medina, Antonio Nicolucci, Marina V Shestakova, Hirotaka Watada, Wolfgang Rathmann
AimTo identify distinct glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c ) trajectories in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) starting second-line glucose-lowering therapy.
Materials and methodsDISCOVER was a 3-year observational study of individuals with T2D beginning second-line glucose-lowering therapy. Data were collected at initiation of second-line treatment (baseline) and at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. Latent class growth modelling was used to identify groups with distinct HbA1c trajectories.
ResultsAfter exclusions, 9295 participants were assessed. Four distinct HbA1c trajectories were identified. Mean HbA1c levels decreased between baseline and 6 months in all groups; 72.4% of participants showed stable good levels of glycaemic control over the remainder of follow-up, 18.0% showed stable moderate levels of glycaemic control and 2.9% showed stable poor levels of glycaemic control. Only 6.7% of participants showed highly improved glycaemic control at month 6 and stable control over the rest of follow-up. For all groups, dual oral therapy use decreased over time, compensated for by the increasing use of other treatment regimens. Use of injectable agents increased over time in groups with moderate and poor glycaemic control. Logistic regression models suggested that participants from high-income countries were more likely to be in the stable good trajectory group.
ConclusionsMost people receiving second-line glucose-lowering treatment in this global cohort achieved stable good or highly improved long-term glycaemic control. One-fifth of participants showed moderate or poor glycaemic control during follow-up. Further large-scale studies are required to characterize possible factors associated with patterns of glycaemic control to inform personalized diabetes treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Author affiliationDiabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester
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