University of Leicester
Browse
34-495-9-PB.pdf (3.28 MB)

Hens, Health and Husbandry: Integrated Approaches to Past Poultry-keeping in England

Download (3.28 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-06, 09:29 authored by B. Tyr Fothergill, Julia Best, Alison Foster, Beatrice Demarchi
This paper sheds new light on aspects of Roman and Anglo-Saxon chicken (Gallus gallus) husbandry and health through integrating analyses of chicken skeletal remains and eggshell from five archaeological sites in England (Fishbourne Roman Palace, Flixborough, Lyminge, Princesshay, and Uley). In addition to standardised archaeozoological study, over 10,400 chicken elements from these sites were subjected to palaeopathological and metrical analyses to clarify the relationship between husbandry methods and signs of disease and injury. Radiographic examination contributed to differential diagnosis of lesions and identification of medullary bone in complete appendicular elements. Eggshell examination was conducted on material from Flixborough using Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry and Scanning Electron Microscopy to identify species and developmental stage. Combined, these techniques demonstrate previously-unknown patterns of egg production and consumption. By integrating these approaches, our results reveal previously unconsidered aspects of chicken husbandry and illuminate the broader value and social impact of past chicken-human relationships from the first millennium AD.

Funding

We are grateful to NERC/AHRC for grant (NF/2015/2/5), the EPSRC and also the ORAU for enabling the referral to a new programme of radiocarbon dating. We gratefully acknowledge our project funders, the AHRC, who supported the research described in this paper and the preparation of this manuscript (AH/L006979/1).

History

Citation

Open Quaternary, 2017, 3(1), p.5.

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of Archaeology and Ancient History

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Open Quaternary

Publisher

Ubiquity Press

eissn

2055-298X

Acceptance date

2017-08-08

Copyright date

2017

Available date

2019-03-06

Publisher version

https://www.openquaternary.com/articles/10.5334/oq.34/

Language

en

Usage metrics

    University of Leicester Publications

    Categories

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC