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Arguëlles-Sozzo2020_Article_HowImagesCombineMeaningQuantum.pdf (275.34 kB)

How images combine meaning: quantum entanglement in visual perception

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-07-29, 10:57 authored by Jonito Aerts Arguelles, Sandro Sozzo
Various empirical tests performed on human participants and also by means of search engines on the Web reveal that, whenever the conceptual combination The Animal Acts is considered as a combination of the individual concepts Animal and Acts, the ‘Clauser–Horne–Shimony–Holt’ version of Bell’s inequalities (‘CHSH inequality’) is violated. We work out in this paper a quantum representation in Hilbert space for a dataset collected on the same combination of concepts using ‘Google Images’ as search engine, which ‘significantly violated’ the CHSH inequality. This result proves the existence of non-classical structures in visual perception and strongly indicates the presence of ‘quantum entanglement’ as an explanation for the meaning connection between the component concepts, also when this meaning connection is expressed through images.

Funding

This work was supported by QUARTZ (Quantum Information Access and Retrieval Theory), the Marie Skłodowska Curie Innovative Training Network 721321 of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program

History

Citation

Arguëlles, J.A., Sozzo, S. How images combine meaning: quantum entanglement in visual perception. Soft Comput 24, 10277–10286 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-020-04692-3

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

SOFT COMPUTING

Volume

24

Issue

14

Pagination

10277 - 10286

Publisher

Springer

issn

1432-7643

eissn

1433-7479

Copyright date

2020

Available date

2020-07-29

Language

English

Publisher version

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00500-020-04692-3