University of Leicester
Browse
One child academics of China 2nd submission.docx (121.3 kB)

How work–life conflict affects employee outcomes of Chinese only-children academics: the moderating roles of gender and family structure

Download (121.3 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-20, 11:55 authored by H Xian, C Atkinson, Y Meng-Lewis
Purpose: China's controversial one-child policy has been blamed for creating an ageing population, a generation of employees without siblings and a 4-2-1 family structure that places eldercare responsibility, primarily on women. Current understanding of how this affects contemporary employees' work–life interface is lacking. This study examined the moderating roles of family structure and gender in the relationships between work–life conflict (WLC), job satisfaction and career aspiration for university academics. Design/methodology/approach: Online and self-administered surveys were used to collect data, which involved 420 academic staff in three Chinese research universities. Findings: Our results revealed that WLC is positively related to career aspiration, and this relationship is stronger for academics with siblings and, within the only-children group, significantly stronger for women than for men. WLC is also negatively related to job satisfaction, and this relationship is stronger for only-children academics. Research limitations/implications: Results were limited by a cross-sectional sample of modest size. Nevertheless, this study contributes to the understanding of gender roles and changing family structure in the work–life interface of Chinese academics. Practical implications: Our findings have implications for both universities seeking to improve staff well-being and for wider society. A number of support mechanisms are proposed to enhance the ability of only children, especially women, to operate as effective members of the labour market. Originality/value: Our results showed that only-children academics face a unique set of difficulties across career and family domains, which have been previously neglected in literature.

History

Author affiliation

College of Social Sci Arts and Humanities/School of Business

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Personnel Review

Volume

51

Issue

2

Pagination

731 - 749

Publisher

Emerald

issn

0048-3486

eissn

1758-6933

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2024-03-20

Language

en

Deposited by

Dr Huiping Xian

Deposit date

2024-02-17

Rights Retention Statement

  • No

Usage metrics

    University of Leicester Publications

    Categories

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC