University of Leicester

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Incentivizing knowledge institutions for entrepreneurship and society

journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-17, 11:53 authored by Sebastian Aparicio, Mathew Hughes, David Audretsch, David Urbano
Purpose – Going beyond the traditional approach of formal and informal institutions as antecedents of entrepreneurship (directly) and development (indirectly), this paper seeks to explore knowledge institutions as a necessary input for entrepreneurship and the development of societies. Design/methodology/approach – Institutional economics lenses are utilized to observe other factors (e.g., the number of R&D staff and researchers from the public sector) that involve laws and socialization processes, which at the same time create knowledge useful for entrepreneurs and society. These ideas are tested through a sample of 281 observations from 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities in Spain. The information coming from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), Ministry of Economics, Industry, and Competitiveness, and INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística), was analyzed through 3SLS, which is useful for a simultaneous equation strategy. Findings – Knowledge institutions such as the number of R&D staff and researchers from the public sector are found positively associated with entrepreneurship, which is a factor directly and positively linked to economic development across Spanish regions. Originality/Value – Our findings help the operationalization of other institutions considered in institutional economics theory and its application to entrepreneurship research. Moreover, the results bring new insights into the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship in the public sector, in which the institutional analysis is implicit.


Author affiliation

School of Business, University of Leicester


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research





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