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Insulin Management in Overweight or Obese Type 2 Diabetes Patients: the Role of Insulin Glargine

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posted on 2009-07-14, 13:09 authored by Melanie J. Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity commonly co-exist. Improved clinical management of T2DM and improved glycaemic control with traditional therapies including insulin usually results in some weight gain – a frequently perceived barrier to the introduction of insulin by both patient and healthcare professionals. Weight gain of 2.5 kg per 1% change in haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is common in many studies. Strategies to minimise weight gain, particularly in obese patients, are essential to help patients better manage their diabetes and improve quality of life. Insulin analogues, with lower risk of hypoglycaemia and better withinpatient variability compared with human insulin may help facilitate reaching treatment goals. Moreover, weight gain can be minimised by earlier insulinisation and the use of basal insulin, such as insulin glargine, instead of premixed insulin. Data specific to the obese patient with T2DM are presented; they are currently limited but do indicate that insulin glargine therapy is associated with improved glycaemic control as well as less weight gain than other insulins, including, premixed insulin and prandial insulin regimens. Retrospective subanalyses of earlier trials and on-going studies would shed further light on the impact of insulin therapy in obese people with T2DM, in addition to determination of optimal therapeutic strategies.

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Citation

Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 2008, 10 (s2), pp. 42-49

Published in

Diabetes

Publisher

Blackwell

issn

1462-8902

Copyright date

2008

Available date

2009-07-14

Publisher version

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1463-1326.2008.00844.x/abstract

Language

en

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