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Job demands, job control, psychological climate, and job satisfaction: A cognitive dissonance perspective

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-04-16, 15:02 authored by Maria Karanika-Murray, George Michaelides, Stephen J Wood

Purpose

Research into job design and employee outcomes has tended to examine job design in isolation of the wider organizational context, leading to calls to attend to the context in which work is embedded. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of the interaction between job design and psychological climate on job satisfaction.

Design/methodology/approach

Cognitive dissonance theory was used to explore the nature of this relationship and its effect on job satisfaction. The authors hypothesized that psychological climate (autonomy, competence, relatedness dimensions) augments favorable perceptions of job demands and control when there is consistency between them (augmentation effect) and compensates for unfavorable perceptions when they are inconsistent (compensation effect).

Findings

Analysis of data from 3,587 individuals partially supported the hypotheses. Compensation effects were observed for job demands under a high autonomy and competence climate and for job control under a low competence climate. Augmentation effects were observed for job demands under a high relatedness climate.

Practical implications

When designing jobs managers should take into account the effects of psychological climate on employee outcomes.

Originality/value

This study has offered a way to bridge the job design and psychological climate fields and demonstrated that the call for more attention to the context in which jobs are embedded is worth heeding.

History

Citation

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance Vol. 4 No. 3, 2017 pp. 238-255

Author affiliation

School of Business

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

Volume

4

Issue

3

Pagination

238 - 255

Publisher

Emerald

issn

2051-6614

Acceptance date

2017-04-03

Copyright date

2017

Publisher version

https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JOEPP-02-2017-0012/full/html

Language

en

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