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Lightweight Encryption and Authentication for Controller Area Network of Autonomous Vehicles.pdf (2.26 MB)

Lightweight Encryption and Authentication for Controller Area Network of Autonomous Vehicles

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-17, 09:58 authored by Jie Cui, Yaning Chen, Hong Zhong, Debiao He, Lu Wei, Irina Bolodurina, Lu LiuLu Liu

With the rapid development of autonomous vehicles (AVs), vehicle safety has attracted attention. Controller area network (CAN) bus without authentication and encryption mechanisms is a weakness of the in-vehicle network (IVN), and attackers always primarily target the CAN bus. Attacks on the AVs' CAN bus are more frequent because AVs have more external interfaces and sensors than ordinary vehicles. To address the abovementioned issues, this paper proposes a lightweight encryption and authentication scheme for the CAN bus of AVs using message authentication codes and Grain stream cipher. The scheme realizes efficient authentication between electronic control units and a counter re-synchronization protocol is used to ensure that authentication failure owing to counter inconsistency is prevented. Blom key management scheme is employed to rapidly distribute and update session keys, avoiding the complicated process of updating pairwise keys. In addition, considering the scalability of the IVN, a key distribution protocol for new nodes was provided. The security proof using Burrows-Abadi-Needham logic and security analysis prove that the proposed scheme can satisfy the security requirements of the IVN. In addition, performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme can meet real-time requirements and has little impact on the busload.

Funding

10.13039/501100001809-National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number: 62202008 and 62272002) Excellent Youth Foundation of Anhui Scientific Committee (Grant Number: 2108085J31) Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province, China (Grant Number: 2208085QF196) University Synergy Innovation Program of Anhui Province (Grant Number: GXXT-2022-049) Foundation of Anhui Educational Committee (Grant Number: KJ2020A0037) Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Embedded System and Service Computing 10.13039/100010449-Ministry of Education (Grant Number: ESSCKF2022-04)

History

Author affiliation

College of Science & Engineering/Comp' & Math' Sciences

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

Volume

72

Issue

11

Pagination

1 - 15

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

issn

0018-9545

eissn

1939-9359

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2024-04-17

Language

en

Deposited by

Professor Lu Liu

Deposit date

2024-04-16

Rights Retention Statement

  • No

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