University of Leicester

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Mitigation of turbine secondary flow losses by a novel rotor groove

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-17, 09:02 authored by Aldo Rona, Obaida Hayder
Entropy-change producing secondary flow losses reduce the performance of axial flow turbines. The turbine performs better if flow separation and secondary flows are reduced. To achieve this, this paper explores by computational fluid dynamics the application of rotor hub contouring to a one-and-a-half-stage axial turbine, the Aachen Turbine. The pressure side arm of the rotor horseshoe vortex is guided by a groove in the end-wall rotor hub surface, which is defined parametrically using non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS). This novel rotor hub groove runs from the leading edge of the rotor blade to the trilling edge of the rotor blade. A three-dimensional steady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes k-omega-SST model of the one-and-half-stage turbine with axisymmetric end-walls is validated against reference experimental measurement from the Institute of Jet Propulsion and Turbomachinery at RWTH Aachen in Germany. By contouring the hub of the upstream stator and of the rotor, the overall pressure loss coefficient predicted by openFOAM computational fluid dynamics is reduced by 5.2%, using Kriging optimized groove shape parameters.


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School of Engineering, University of Leicester


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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Thermal Engineering


Springer for Pleiades Publishing



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