Modelling the effect of gravity on inert-gas washout outputs
journal contributionposted on 2018-06-14, 15:20 authored by Brody H. Foy, Sherif Gonem, Christopher Brightling, Salman Siddiqui, David Kay
Multiple-breath washout (MBW) is a pulmonary function test (PFT) that is used to infer lung function through measurement of ventilation heterogeneity (VH). However, the body position that a test is taken in may also influence VH, due to the "Slinky" effect of gravity on the lungs. In healthy subjects this has minimal effect, but in unhealthy groups, PFT outputs have been seen to change drastically with body position. In this study, we used a combined computational and clinical approach to better understand the response of outputs from the MBW to body position. A patient-specific model of the MBW was developed, then validated against clinically measured washout data, as well as broader results in the literature. This model was then used to compare changes in MBW outputs with respect to body position, showing that output changes sensitively predict regional airway size differences between lobes. We then highlight cases in which body position effects may bias MBW outputs, leading to elevated or masked responses to bronchoconstriction. We close by placing this result in context with broader clinical practice, and showing how it can help improve interpretation of test outputs.
CitationPhysiological Reports, 2018, 6 (10), e13709
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/School of Medicine/Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation
- VoR (Version of Record)