Modulation of Cardiac Fibrosis by Krüppel-like Factor 6 through Transcriptional Control of Thrombospondin 4 in Cardiomyocytes.
journal contributionposted on 2015-05-26, 10:59 authored by D. Sawaki, L. Hou, S. Tomida, J. Sun, H. Zhan, K. Aizawa, B. K. Son, T. Kariya, E. Takimoto, K. Otsu, S. J. Conway, I. Manabe, I. Komuro, S. L. Friedman, R. Nagai, Toru Suzuki
Aims: Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) are a family of transcription factors which play important roles in the heart under pathological and developmental conditions. We previously identified and cloned Klf6whose homozygous mutation in mice results in embryonic lethality suggesting a role in cardiovascular development. Effects of KLF6 on pathologic regulation of the heart were investigated in the present study. Methods and Results Mice heterozygous for Klf6resulted in significantly diminished levels of cardiac fibrosis in response to angiotensin II infusion. Intriguingly, a similar phenotype was seen in cardiomyocyte-specific Klf6knockout mice but not in cardiac fibroblast-specific knockout mice. Microarray analysis revealed increased levels of the extra-cellular matrix factor, thrombospondin 4 (TSP4), in Klf6-ablated heart. Mechanistically, KLF6 directly suppressed Tsp4expression levels, and cardiac TSP4 regulated the activation of cardiac fibroblasts to regulate cardiac fibrosis. Conclusion Our present studies on the cardiac function of KLF6 show a new mechanism whereby cardiomyocytes regulate cardiac fibrosis through transcriptional control of the extra-cellular matrix factor, TSP4, which in turn, modulates activation of cardiac fibroblasts.
This research was funded in party by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan; Grants-in Aid from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science through its Funding Program for World-Leading Innovative R&D on Science and Technology (FIRST Program). This study was also supported by the National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute (DK37340, DK56621).
CitationCardiovascular Research, 2015
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/School of Medicine/Department of Cardiovascular Sciences
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)