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Near-infrared Spectra of the Inflated Post-common Envelope Brown Dwarf NLTT 5306 B

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posted on 2022-12-16, 14:49 authored by Cam Buzard, Sarah L Casewell, Joshua D Lothringer, Geoffrey A Blake

NLTT 5306 is a post-common envelope binary made up of a white dwarf host and brown dwarf companion that has shown evidence of inflation and active mass donation despite not filling its Roche lobe. Two proposed mechanisms for the brown dwarf’s inflation are magnetic interactions and a high-metallicity, cloudy atmosphere. We present moderate-resolution (R ≲ 2000) J-band Keck/NIRSPEC observations of this system. These phase-resolved data allow us to constrain differences between atmospheric parameters of the day- and nightside of the brown dwarf. Our day- and nightside effective temperature measurements are consistent, in agreement with the brightness temperatures measurements from Casewell et al. The dayside favors a slightly lower surface gravity, perhaps stemming from the material streaming between the two objects. Finally, our data show a preference for low-metallicity models. This would be expected from the system’s old age, but provides direct evidence that a high-metallicity, cloudy brown dwarf atmosphere is not responsible for the witnessed inflation. These results strengthen the case for magnetic interactions leading to inflation of NLTT 5306 B.

Funding

Support for HST-AR-16142 was provided by NASA through a grant from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated, under NASA contract NAS5-26555. S.L.C. acknowledges support from an STFC Ernest Rutherford Fellowship. This work also benefited from a NASA Exoplanet Research Program grant (No. NNX16AI14G; PI: G.A. Blake).

History

Citation

Cam Buzard et al 2022 AJ 163 262

Author affiliation

School of Physics and Astronomy

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

The Astronomical Journal

Volume

163

Issue

6

Pagination

262 - 262

Publisher

American Astronomical Society

issn

0004-6256

eissn

1538-3881

Acceptance date

2022-04-01

Available date

2022-12-16

Language

English

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