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Orbital controls on Namib Desert hydroclimate over the last 50,000 years

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posted on 2019-08-21, 09:30 authored by B Chase, E Niedermeyer, A Boom, A Carr, M Chevalier, F He, M Meadows, N Ogle, P Riemer
Despite being one of the world’s oldest deserts, and the subject of decades of research, evidence of past climate change in the Namib Desert is extremely limited. As such, there is significant debate regarding the nature and drivers of climate change in the low-latitude drylands of southwestern Africa. Here we present data from stratified accumulations of rock hyrax urine that provide the first continuous high-resolution terrestrial climate record for the Namib Desert spanning the past 50,000 yr. These data, spanning multiple sites, show remarkably coherent variability that is clearly linked to orbital cycles and the evolution and perturbation of global boundary conditions. Contrary to some previous predictions of southwestern African climate change, we show that orbital-scale cycles of hydroclimatic variability in the Namib Desert region are in phase with those of the northern tropics, with increased local summer insolation coinciding with periods of increased aridity. Supported by climate model simulations, our analyses link this to variations in position and intensity of atmospheric pressure cells modulated by hemispheric and land-sea temperature gradients. We conclude that hydroclimatic variability at orbital time scales is driven by the combined influence of direct low-latitude insolation forcing and the influence of remote controls on the South Atlantic anticyclone, with attendant impacts on upwelling and sea-surface temperature variations.

Funding

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013), ERC Starting Grant “HYRAX”, grant agreement no. 258657.

History

Citation

Geology, 2019

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/School of Geography, Geology and the Environment/Physical Geography

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Geology

Publisher

Geological Society of America

issn

0091-7613

Acceptance date

2019-06-25

Copyright date

2019

Publisher version

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article/572798/Orbital-controls-on-Namib-Desert-hydroclimate-over

Notes

GSA Data Repository item 201Xxxx, the hyraceum δ15 174 N, leaf wax δD and radiocarbon and sampling data that support the findings of this study, is available online at www.geosociety.org/pubs/ft20XX.htm, or on request from editing@geosociety.org or Documents Secretary, GSA, P.O. Box 9140, Boulder, CO 80301, USA;The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en

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