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Party Gatekeepers’ Support for Viable Female Candidacy in PR-List Systems

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-03-23, 10:02 authored by Maarja Luhiste
More women are elected in proportional compared to majority / plurality electoral systems. However, the share of women among the elected representatives varies greatly between different types of PR systems, most notably between preferential and non-preferential PR-list systems. Considerable scholarly attention has been paid to how the voters with preference votes influence the election of women. But we have limited knowledge of how the party gatekeepers’ behaviour influences the election of women in different types of PR-list systems. This paper aims to fill this gap by studying cross-nationally female candidates’ party-determined viability in different types of PR-list systems. The results suggest that women are placed lower in the electoral lists in ordered list preferential compared to closed list non-preferential voting systems. The results also show that party gatekeepers respond to the overall levels of gender equality in the society, but only if the candidate selection within the party is centralised.

Funding

This research was funded by the Marie Curie Initial Training Network in Electoral Democracies (ITN-ELECDEM) and was part of work package 17 (Gender, Campaign Messages and Mobilization Effects)

History

Citation

Politics & Gender 11 (01) March 2015 pp. 89-116

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/Department of Politics and International Relations

Source

Gender, Political Behaviour and Representation in “Preferential” Electoral Systems workshop of the 2013 ECPR Joint Sessions at the University of Mainz

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Politics & Gender 11 (01) March 2015 pp. 89-116

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP) for Women and Politics Research Section of APSA

issn

1743-923X

eissn

1743-9248

Copyright date

2015

Available date

2015-03-23

Publisher version

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9610692&fileId=S1743923X14000580

Language

en

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