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Planetary-scale change to the biosphere signalled by global species translocations can be used to identify the Anthropocene

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Version 2 2023-08-10, 16:13
Version 1 2022-05-17, 09:35
journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-10, 16:13 authored by Mark Williams, Reinhold Leinfelder, Anthony D. Barnosky, Martin J Head, Francine M G McCarthy, Alejandro Cearreta, Stephen Himson, Rachael Holmes, Colin N. Waters, Jan Zalasiewicz, Simon TurnerSimon Turner, Mary McGann, Elizabeth A Hadly, M Allison Stegner, Paul Michael Pilkington, Jérôme Kaiser, Juan Carlos BerrioJuan Carlos Berrio, Ian P. Wilkinson, Jens ZinkeJens Zinke, Kristine L. DeLong

We examine three distinctive biostratigraphic signatures of humans associated with hunting and gathering, landscape domestication and globalization. All three signatures have significant fossil records of regional importance that can be correlated inter-regionally and help describe the developing pattern of human expansion and appropriation of resources. While none have individual first or last appearances that provide a globally isochronous marker, all three signatures overlap stratigraphically, in that they are part of a continuum of change, with complex regional patterns. Here we show that during the later stages of globalization, late nineteenth to twentieth century records of species translocations can be used to build an interconnected web of palaeontological correlation with decadal or sub-decadal precision that dovetails with other stratigraphic markers for the Anthropocene. This palaeontological web is also a proxy for accelerating species extinction and of a state shift in the biosphere in the twentieth century.

History

Author affiliation

School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Palaeontology

Volume

65

Issue

4

Publisher

Wiley

issn

0031-0239

Acceptance date

2022-04-19

Copyright date

2022

Available date

2023-08-10

Language

en

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