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Plasma density gradients at the edge of polar ionospheric holes: The absence of phase scintillation

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posted on 2020-05-19, 11:07 authored by LA Jenner, AG Wood, GD Dorrian, K Oksavik, TK Yeoman, AR Fogg, AJ Coster
Polar holes were observed in the high-latitude ionosphere during a series of multi-instrument case studies close to the Northern Hemisphere winter solstice in 2014 and 2015. These holes were observed during geomagnetically quiet conditions and under a range of solar activities using the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) Svalbard Radar (ESR) and measurements from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. Steep electron density gradients have been associated with phase scintillation in previous studies; however, no enhanced scintillation was detected within the electron density gradients at these boundaries. It is suggested that the lack of phase scintillation may be due to low plasma density levels and a lack of intense particle precipitation. It is concluded that both significant electron density gradients and plasma density levels above a certain threshold are required for scintillation to occur.

Funding

Luke A. Jenner was supported by internal funds from Nottingham Trent University. Alexandra R. Fogg was supported by a studentship from the Science and Technology Facilities Council (UK). Publication charges were met by Nottingham Trent University.

History

Citation

Jenner, L. A., Wood, A. G., Dorrian, G. D., Oksavik, K., Yeoman, T. K., Fogg, A. R., and Coster, A. J.: Plasma density gradients at the edge of polar ionospheric holes: the absence of phase scintillation, Ann. Geophys., 38, 575–590, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-575-2020, 2020.

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Annales Geophysicae

Volume

38

Issue

2

Pagination

575 - 590

Publisher

Copernicus GmbH

issn

0992-7689

eissn

1432-0576

Acceptance date

2019-12-11

Copyright date

2020

Available date

2020-04-24

Publisher version

https://www.ann-geophys.net/38/575/2020/

Language

en

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