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Publish or Perish mantra in the medical field: A systematic review of the reasons, consequences and remedies.pdf (382.85 kB)

Publish or Perish mantra in the medical field: A systematic review of the reasons, consequences and remedies.

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-04-30, 13:54 authored by Salman Y. Guraya, Robert I. Norman, Khalid I. Khoshhal, Shaista Salman Guraya, Antonello Forgione
OBJECTIVES: Generally, academic promotions, job retention, job mobility, and professional development of a medical faculty members are judged primarily by the growth in publication outputs. Universities and research institutions are more likely to recruit and promote those academics carrying voluminous résumés with larger number of published articles. This review elaborates the causes and consequences of the pressure to publish and the ways and means to cope with this paradigm. METHODS: In 2015, database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, LISTA (EBSCO), Medline and Oxford University Library were searched for the English language full-text articles published during 2000-2015, by using MeSH terms "pressure to publish", "urge to publish", "research ethics", "plagiarism", "article retraction", "medical field". This search was further refined by selecting the articles in terms of relevancy and contents. RESULTS: This research showed that some universities offer generous grants to researchers with a high h-index and with more publications in elite journals, which promise an enhanced prospect of citations and elevation in the scientific rankings of the funding institutions. This generates an involuntary obsession to publish with the primary intention to obtain promotions, high scientific rankings, and improved job security. This compelling pressure to publish results in widespread publication of non-significant research with a high index of plagiarism that eventually leads to an increased frequency of retractions. CONCLUSION: Research centers and academic institutions have an obligation to train their academics in sound scientific writing and to apprise them of the publication ethics and the grave consequences of plagiarism and research misconduct.

History

Citation

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 2016, 32 (6), pp. 1562-1567

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/School of Medicine/Department of Medical Education (Pre Nov 2017)

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences

Publisher

Professional Medical Publications

issn

1682-024X

eissn

1681-715X

Acceptance date

2016-11-08

Copyright date

2016

Available date

2018-04-30

Publisher version

http://pjms.com.pk/index.php/pjms/article/view/10490

Language

en

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