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Ras/MAPK Dysregulation in Development Causes a Skeletal Myopathy in an Activating BrafL597V Mouse Model for Cardio-facio-cutaneous Syndrome

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posted on 2021-08-18, 09:00 authored by Yoshiko Maeda, William E Tidyman, Bradley P Ander, Catrin A Pritchard, Katherine A Rauen

Background

Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC) is a human multiple congenital anomaly syndrome that is caused by activating heterozygous mutations in either BRAF, MEK1 or MEK2, three protein kinases of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. CFC belongs to a group of syndromes known as RASopathies. Skeletal muscle hypotonia is a ubiquitous phenotype of RASopathies, especially in CFC syndrome. To better understand the underlying mechanisms for the skeletal myopathy in CFC, a mouse model with an activating BrafL597V allele was utilized.

Results

The activating BrafL597V allele resulted in phenotypic alterations in skeletal muscle characterized by a reduction in fiber size which lead to a reduction in muscle size which are functionally weaker. MAPK pathway activation caused inhibition of myofiber differentiation during embryonic myogenesis and global transcriptional dysregulation of developmental pathways. Inhibition in differentiation can be rescued by MEK inhibition.

Conclusions

A skeletal myopathy was identified in the CFC BrafL597V mouse validating the use of models to study the effect of Ras/MAPK dysregulation on skeletal myogenesis. RASopathies present a novel opportunity to identify new paradigms of myogenesis and further our understanding of Ras in development. Rescue of the phenotype by inhibitors may help advance the development of therapeutic options for RASopathy patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Funding

National Cancer Institute

Comprehensive Cancer Center

University of California, Davis

UC Davis Genome Center

NIH/NIAMS. Grant Number: RO1AR062165

History

Citation

Developmental dynamics, 250, 8, 2021, pp. 1074-1095

Author affiliation

Leicester Cancer Research Centre, University of Leicester

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Developmental dynamics

Volume

250

Issue

8

Pagination

1074-1095

Publisher

Wiley

issn

1058-8388

eissn

1097-0177

Acceptance date

2021-01-19

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2022-02-01

Spatial coverage

United States

Language

eng

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