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Sedentary Sphere: Wrist-Worn Accelerometer-Brand Independent Posture Classification

journal contribution
posted on 2015-12-07, 09:38 authored by Alexander Viktor Rowlands, Thomas Yates, T. S. Olds, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Charlotte L. Edwardson
INTRODUCTION: Access to raw acceleration data should facilitate comparisons between accelerometer outputs regardless of monitor brand. PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of posture classification using the Sedentary Sphere in data from two widely-used wrist-worn triaxial accelerometers. METHODS: Laboratory: 34 adults wore a GENEActiv and an ActiGraph GT3X+ on their non-dominant wrist while performing four lying, seven sitting and five upright activities. Free-living: The same participants wore both accelerometers on their non-dominant wrist and an activPAL3 on their right thigh during waking hours for two days. RESULTS: Laboratory: Using the Sedentary Sphere with 15-s epoch GENEActiv data, sedentary and upright postures were correctly identified 74% and 91% of the time, respectively. Corresponding values for the ActiGraph data were 75% and 90%. Free-living: Total sedentary time was estimated at 534±144 min, 523±143 min and 528±137 min by the activPAL, the Sedentary Sphere with GENEActiv data and with ActiGraph data, respectively. The mean bias, relative to the activPAL, was small with moderate limits of agreement (LoA) for both the GENEActiv (mean bias = -12.5 min, LoA = -117 to 92 min) and ActiGraph (mean bias = -8 min, LoA = -103 to 88 min). Strong intra-class correlations (ICC) were evident for the activPAL with the GENEActiv (0.93, 0.84-0.97 (95% confidence interval) and the ActiGraph (0.94, 0.86-0.97). Agreement between the GENEActiv and ActiGraph posture classifications was very high (ICC = 0.98 (0.94-0.99), mean bias = +3 min, LoA = -58 to 63 min). CONCLUSION: These data support the efficacy of the Sedentary Sphere for classification of posture from a wrist-worn accelerometer in adults. Importantly, the approach is equally valid with data from both the GENEActiv and ActiGraph accelerometers.



Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, April 2016 - Volume 48 - Issue 4 - p 748–754

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/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/School of Medicine/Department of Cardiovascular Sciences


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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise


American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)





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The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from final publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.;Wrist-Worn Accelerometer-Brand Independent Posture Classification—Corrigendum Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 51(5):1088, MAY 2019 DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001950 , PMID: 30985587 Issn Print: 0195-9131 Publication Date: 2019/05/01 The authors of “Wrist-Worn Accelerometer-Brand Independent Posture Classification” (1) report an error. On page 750, in the Accelerometers section, the expression for vector magnitude (VM, summed acceleration values corrected for gravity) should be: VM = ∑| (x^2 + y^2 + z^2)^1/2 - g|



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