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Smoothing of single crystal diamond by high-speed three-dimensional dynamic friction polishing: Optimization and surface bonds evolution mechanism

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posted on 2021-02-12, 15:24 authored by Yuting Zheng, Aude EL Cumont, Mingjie Bai, Yifan Liang, Jinlong Liu, Junjun Wei, Xiaotong Zhang, Haitao Ye, Chengming Li
The high-speed three-dimensional movement dynamic friction polishing (3DM-DFP) has been recognized as an efficient approach for ultra-smoothing single crystal diamond (SCD) surface. Continuing from the previous works focusing on the subsurface cleavage of diamond after 3DM-DFP, process optimization and surface reaction evolution mechanism as a fundamental building block is investigated, for the first time, for comprehensively understanding this fast-smoothing manner. By systematically adjusting the controlling factor, stronger load (0.3 MPa) and appropriate duration (0.5 h) as well as moderate sliding speed (in the range of 30 to 45 m s−1) is found to be able to obtain the smooth surface of SCD without uncontacted traces or break-surface cleavage. Subtle residual clues on SCD surface as a function of progressive DFP procedure indicate that Fe catalytic oxidation mainly produce Fe2O3 and partial intermediate oxides Fe1-yO. Meanwhile, the activated oxygen inserts sp3 Csingle bondC bonds could form Csingle bondO or Cdouble bondO and C-O-V (vacancy) at existing reactive surface sites. The (100) favorable Cdouble bondO bonds can be rebuilt if (100) surface is reformed, although the Csingle bondO bonds associated with non-(100) rough surface would replace them during DFP procedure. The formed Csingle bondOsingle bondC and concomitant C-O-V as well as the oxidized graphite give rise to the increase of Csingle bondO proportion, and finally the covered defective graphitic phase has an approximate Csingle bondO/Cdouble bondO ratio of 1.25. All these are endowed potential value for future upgrading of DFP technique for diamond surface smoothing.

History

Citation

International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials Volume 96, April 2021, 105472

Author affiliation

School of Engineering

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

Volume

96

Pagination

105472

Publisher

Elsevier BV

issn

0263-4368

Acceptance date

2021-01-04

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2022-01-12

Language

en

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